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Home > Materials Of Sculpture
Materials of Sculpture
Wooden Sculptures Bronze Sculptures Sand Sculptures
Marble Sculptures
Sculptures are the final products, prepared using varied techniques such as carving, casting, and construction-techniques that materially condition the character of the work. Whereas, the art of modeling permits addition as well as subtraction of the material and is highly flexible in its nature, carving is more difficult than this. Carving is strictly limited as from the original row pieces the material must be subtracted to get a fine work.

The principal sculptural techniques used in India have undergone little changes throughout the ages. Carving in India has done for centuries with using varied materials such as stone or rock, wood, bronze metal, bone, and marbles also.

Materials of SculptureThere is no doubt that the purpose of creating sculpture has been to cerate a piece of art that should be permanent as far as possible. Therefore, with that aim the work was usually produced in durable and frequently expensive materials, primarily Bronze and stone such as marble.Very rarely precious materials such as gold, silver, jade and ivory were used for preparing art works. But more common, mostly preferred and less expensive materials that was used for producing sculpture on wider scale are stone & wood including such as oak, box and terracotta.

Bronze casting is also a technique that was employed in the middle ages. Little Greek sculpture in Bronze was able to survive, apparently because the metal was later melted & used for other purposes. But in India picture is quite satisfactory. The metal material itself resists better exposure than stone and was preferred by the Indians for sculptures. But most part of Indian sculptures is made out of rock carving.

Generally, sculpture can be made from wood, clay, metal, stone, and elephant teeth. Harappan culture`s sculpture was made from clay.Materials of Sculpture Many years back, there was a boom of creating wooden sculpture. People were used it for houses and in the temples. Examples are the statue of Sun in Multan, statue of Lord Jagdish in Jaganathpuri.and Rannadevi`s statue in the Mahalaxmi temple of Patan in India. But the sculpture on the stone found its presence at great extent in the history of sculpture. Stone sculpture is found generally in the caves. Mathura`s red stone statues & Sculpture made on basalt rock are mentioned for its material. In Gujarat and Rajasthan, carving on red and white stone and on marble is found in the form of statues.

Materials for sculpture can be just stone, Bronze, clay and durable wood in case of India. Most of these materials are long lasting materials. It is based on the fact, the varieties that was available in plenty of manner in particular region was used for the art. Metal used can be ranged as per the quality and resistance.

Materials of SculptureActually, sculptures can be made from any type of metal but preferred metals are Bronze, Brass, Aluminum and Lead. Plaster of Paris with clay is most widely used in making of sculptures in modern times. Sculptures that are produced in modern period includes materials like Plaster of Paris, wax, clay and even plasticine is used. Despite of the primary objective of durability, some sculptures are deliberately made to short life. Examples include ice sculpture and sand sculpture.
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